# Solving Linear Inequalities
An** inequality **can be formed by linking two expressions with an
inequality symbol <, ≤, >, or
≥.
A **linear inequality in one variable** is an inequality that can be written in
the form
ax + b > c where a, b, and c are real numbers, a
≠ 0, x is a variable, and > may be
replaced by ≥, <, or
≤.
**Note:**
Here are the definitions of the inequality
symbols:
< means "less than", as in 4 < 5.
≤ means "less than or equal to",
as in 3 ≤ 8 or 8
≤ 8.
> means "greater than", as in 6 > 1.
≥ means "greater than or equal to", as in
2
≥ 0 or 2
≥ 2.
Here are some examples of linear inequalities:
3x < 18 |
-8w - 7 > 33 |
-7x - 13 ≤ -2(4x + 5) |
A linear inequality can be solved using the same steps as when solving a
linear equation, but with one important difference:
When you multiply or divide an inequality by a **negative** number,
you must **reverse** the direction of the inequality symbol.
For example:
Reverse the inequality symbol.
Simplify. |
-2x < 6
x > -3 |
**Note:**
When you divide into a positive number,
do not reverse the inequality.
**Example 1**
Solve: -8w - 7 > 33. Then, graph the solution on a number line.
**Solution **
Add 7 to both sides.
Simplify.
Divide both sides by -8 and reverse the
direction of the inequality symbol.
Simplify. |
-8w - 7 > 33 -8w - 7 + 7 > 33 + 7
-8w > 40
w < -5 |
To graph the solution, plot an open circle on the number line at -5.
Then, shade the number line to the left of -5.
**Note:**
When graphing the solution of an
inequality on a number line, remember the
following:
â€¢ Use an open circle, Â°, if the inequality
symbol is < or >.
An open circle indicates the point is
NOT part of the solution.
â€¢ Use a closed circle, â€¢, if the inequality
symbol is ≤ or
≥.
A closed circle indicates the point is
part of the solution. |